Main battle tank

The T is a third-generation Russian battle tank that entered service in The tank is a modern variation of the TB and incorporates many features found on the thrushop-9b4y6tny.gaally called the TBU, but later renamed to T, it is an advanced tank in service with Russian Ground Forces and the Naval thrushop-9b4y6tny.ga T uses a mm 2A46 smoothbore main gun, the 1A45T fire-control system.

The tank is a modern variation of the TB and incorporates many features found on the TU. Retrieved January 8, The turret's forward armour package, in addition to the ERA and steel plating, contains a composite filler of Russian composite armour sandwiched between upper and lower steel plates.

The first Soviet main battle tank was the T (the T/55 and T were considered
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The TM is an upgraded version of the T tank. It has a number of improvements and improved capabilities. This tank was first publicly revealed in Deliveries were planned to begin in
The first Soviet main battle tank was the T (the T/55 and T were considered
This in long, 1-in brass tank tee connects the water line from the pump to the pressure tank. 1/4-in and 1/2-in ports accept a pressure switch, a pressure gauge, a relief valve, and a snifter valve.

The TM is an upgraded version of the T tank. It has a number of improvements and improved capabilities. This tank was first publicly revealed in Deliveries were planned to begin in

This tank is fitted with NBC protection and automatic fire suppression systems. Interior is lined with spall liner. There is also a countermeasures system, which triggers smoke grenade dischargers once the tank is being illuminated by a laser beam. This system significantly reduces the chance of being hit by enemy anti-tank guided weapons with semi-automatic guidance. It uses the same mm ammunition as other Russian main battle tanks.

These missiles have a range of km and can also engage low-flying helicopters. A total of 43 rounds, including missiles, are carried for the main gun. The TM uses a proven carousel-type autoloader.

A total of 22 rounds are stored in the autoloader and are ready to use. Secondary armament consists of a coaxial 7. There is a also a roof-mounted remotely-controlled weapon station, armed with a Both machine guns are operated under armor. The MBT's role could be compromised because of the increasing distances involved and the increased reliance on indirect fire. High explosive anti-tank HEAT , and some form of high velocity kinetic energy penetrator , such as APFSDS armour-piercing fin stabilized discarding sabot rounds are carried for anti-armour purposes.

Anti-personnel rounds such as high explosive or high explosive fragmentation have dual purpose. Less common rounds are Beehive anti-personnel rounds , and high explosive squash head HESH rounds used for both anti-armour and bunker busting. Some MBTs may also carry smoke or white phosphorus rounds. MBTs with an autoloader require one less crew member and the autoloader requires less space than its human counterpart, allowing for a reduction in turret size. Further, an autoloader can be designed to handle rounds which would be too difficult for a human to load.

However, with a manual loader, the rounds can be isolated within a blowout chamber, rather than a magazine within the turret, which could improve crew survivability.

As such, the speed of follow up shots is crucial within tank to tank combat. As secondary weapons, an MBT usually uses between two and four machine guns to engage infantry and light vehicles. However, their effectiveness is limited in comparison to dedicated anti-aircraft artillery.

The tank's machine guns are usually equipped with between and rounds each. MBTs, like previous models of tanks, move on continuous tracks , which allow a decent level of mobility over most terrain including sand and mud. They also allow tanks to climb over most obstacles. The extreme weight of vehicles of this type tons also limits their speed.

The MBT is often cumbersome in traffic and frequently obstructs the normal flow of traffic. The tracks can damage some roads after repeated use.

Many structures like bridges do not have the load capacity to support an MBT. In the fast pace of combat, it is often impossible to test the sturdiness of these structures.

In the invasion of Iraq , an M1 Abrams attempting to cross a bridge to evade enemy fire plummeted into the Euphrates river when the bridge collapsed.

The high cost of MBTs can be attributed in part to the high-performance engine-transmission system and to the fire control system. Also, propulsion systems are not produced in high enough quantities to take advantage of economies of scale. Crew fatigue limits the operational range of MBTs in combat. Reducing the crew to three and relocating all crewmembers from the turret to the hull could provide time to sleep for one off-shift crewmember located in the rear of the hull.

In this scenario, crewmembers would rotate shifts regularly and all would require cross-training on all vehicle job functions. The absence of sufficient numbers of strategic airlift assets can limit the rate of MBT deployments to the number of aircraft available. Military planners anticipate that the airlift capability for MBTs will not improve in the future.

The difficult task of resupply is usually accomplished with large trucks. Main battle tanks have internal and external storage space. Internal space is reserved for ammunition.

External space enhances independence of logistics and can accommodate extra fuel and some personal equipment of the crew. The Israeli Merkava can even accommodate crew members displaced from a destroyed vehicle in its ammunition compartment. Emphasis is placed on selecting and training main battle tank crew members.

The crew must perform their tasks faultlessly and harmoniously so commanders select teams taking into consideration personalities and talents. The main battle tank fulfills the role the British had once called the "universal tank", filling almost all battlefield roles. Reconnaissance by MBTs is performed in high-intensity conflicts where reconnaissance by light vehicles would be insufficient due to the necessity to "fight" for information. In asymmetric warfare, main battle tanks are deployed in small, highly concentrated units.

MBTs fire only at targets at close range and instead rely on external support such as unmanned aircraft for long range combat. Main battle tanks have significantly varied characteristics. Procuring too many varieties can place a burden on tactics, training, support and maintenance. The MBT has a positive morale effect on the infantry it accompanies.

MBT production is increasingly being outsourced to wealthy nations. Countries that are just beginning to produce tanks are having difficulties remaining profitable in an industry that is increasingly becoming more expensive through the sophistication of technology. Even some large-scale producers are seeing declines in production.

Even China is divesting many of its MBTs. The production of main battle tanks is limited to manufacturers that specialize in combat vehicles. Commercial manufacturers of civilian vehicles cannot easily be repurposed as MBT production facilities. Prices for MBTs have more than tripled from to , although this pales in comparison with the price increase in fighter aircraft from to From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

For the video game, see Battle Tank video game. Tank designed to conduct primary combat missions on the battlefield. This article's lead section does not adequately summarize key points of its contents.

Please consider expanding the lead to provide an accessible overview of all important aspects of the article. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page. History of the tank. Light tank Medium tank Heavy tank Super-heavy tank Cruiser tank Infantry tank Main battle tank Tank destroyer Tankette Assault gun Self-propelled gun Self-propelled anti-aircraft weapon Self-propelled artillery Self-propelled mortar Multiple rocket launcher.

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This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. A French View of Counterinsurgency, trans. Daniel Lee , Pitting a traditional combined armed force trained and equipped to defeat similar military organisations against insurgents reminds one of a pile driver attempting to crush a fly, indefatigably persisting in repeating its efforts.

Nakidka is designed to reduce the probabilities of an object to be detected by Infrared , Thermal , Radar-Thermal, and Radar bands. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. T operators and variants. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Retrieved 15 November Retrieved March 19, Retrieved April 11, Nowa Technika Wojskowa 9: Coming into Focus PDF.

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